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Teen Kids News (Episode 1424)

22 minutes

You're watching Teen Kids News. I'm Livia. Here's this week's top story.

In the world today, we think that having more of something is better, like more friends, more money, more "A"s on tests. But there's one thing that every teen could use a lot less of. Amelia tells us more. Don't stress, but that's what I want to talk about--stress. On a scale of one to ten, how much stress do you feel? Probably around a six. Like an eight. Probably a nine. I feel a level-seven stress. I would say a seven.

(interviewer) How much stress do you feel? Ten. What causes your stress? Being under pressure to perform as expected and do the amount of schoolwork that we're given, do the tests to the level that I want to do them, but get all "A"s. That's what causes my stress. I have high expectations for myself. I really want to reach them. I get stressed. I want everything to be right. Everything happens in my life-- school, going places-- it's a lot to handle. What causes your stress? Math. Just auditions, things at home I have to deal with. But most of it is schoolwork and homework and projects and essays. It's...yeah. Would you like to learn how to have less stress? Yes! Obviously--100%. Yes, I would love to learn how to live with less stress because it would be really helpful. Yeah, everyone would like to learn. But especially me--I would love to learn to have less stress. Thought so. That's why we're talking with Dr. Roni Cohen-Sandler. Hi. Hi. Just so we're all on the same page, what exactly is stress? In this situation, stress is a feeling of mental tension or worry in response to things like demands or pressures. How can stress be harmful? In the short run, it can be hard to concentrate, you may have trouble sleeping, make more mistakes, and some get headaches and stomachaches. In the long run, stress can lead to anxiety, depression, and some major health problems. Are some of us more hardwired for stress than our peers? In the sense that we're born with different temperaments, yes, because some are more sensitive to stress. The good news is all of us, no matter our temperaments, can learn to deal with stress effectively. You have a six-step plan for helping reduce stress. Your first step is "sensible schedule." Tell us about that.

(Roni) Choose classes that are the right difficulty level, but don't take too many classes. Have at least one free period during the day. I always suggest having at least a day or two with no commitments after school. Your second step is "balanced lives." What does that mean? To be healthy, have a balance, or, at least, aim for a balance of work, play, rest, socializing, and exercise. Got that. Your third step-- "realistic expectations." If you set goals that are achievable, you're apt to feel good about yourself. If you expect to be perfect and aim to do impossible things, you're causing stress and you won't feel good about yourself. Speaking of realistic expectations, my producer expects me to take a commercial break. We'll get to your last three steps soon. Teen Kids News will be right back.

For me, stress feels like anxiety and exhaustion and a lot of procrastination, in my case. I think it just feels like pressure being put on you to do everything correctly. It feels like something terrible that you want to escape all the time. We're continuing our report on stress, or avoiding being stressed by stress. Dr. Roni Cohen-Sandler is sharing her six steps to lessen stress. So far, we've learned about setting sensible schedules, balanced lives, and realistic expectations. Doctor, step four is minimizing anxieties. Can you explain that? Yes. Very often, you have ideas in your head, such as, "If I don't get into a certain college, I'll never be successful," or, "If I get a 'B,' my parents won't be proud of me." It's important to challenge those assumptions you're making and ask yourself, "Are these really true?" Of course they're not. That should lower stress. Okay, moving on to step five. You call it, "recognizing hidden stress." Yes. We think of stress in terms of headaches and stomachaches and difficulty sleeping. But if you realize that, for days or weeks, you've been irritable, you're fighting with friends, or you're even meaner to your sibling than usual, you might want to think that maybe these are signs of stress that have crept up on you.

(Amelia) You're last recommendation-- "get help"? At times, you think it's a sign of weakness to ask for help, but it's the opposite. Talk to someone about the stress you're experiencing. Many things can reduce it to feel better and healthier. Who's more likely to feel stress, boys or girls? Or is it equal? The research, including my own, shows that girls are about 40% more likely to report being stressed than boys are. There are two main reasons. One, it turns out, during the teenage years, girls are more inclined to want to please parents and teachers. The second reason is appearance. Girls stress so much more than boys do about their hair and makeup. Is stress always bad? No. Actually, a little stress, minor stress, is quite exciting and fun. Think about, for example, going on a scary ride. Also, it can help you to perform better. Those butterflies you get before giving an oral report or performing in a recital, those help you to be more alert and sharp. Great. Thank you, Doctor. Thanks for having me. As long as we have things like exams, competitions, and parents, we'll never eliminate stress from our teens. Don't stress about it. It makes things worse. I know-- easier said than done. But I'm going to try. For Teen Kids News, I'm Amelia. Christin's back with another "Make the Grade" report. Timing is everything, especially when it comes to studying for things like a big exam. According to experts at the University of North Carolina, cramming isn't an effective way to prep for a test. They say... Here are some tips. Don't wait till the night before. Plan out your week leading up to the exam. In addition to homework, allocate nightly time, say, half an hour, to study. When it comes to cramming, in the words of architect Mies van der Rohe, less is more. With "Make the Grade," I'm Christin. The Chinese have their Great Wall, and so do the British. Coming up, I'll take you to Hadrian's Wall. Robert Frost's poem, "Mending Wall," starts with the line, "Something there is doesn't love a wall." He means that, unless a wall serves a purpose, there's no reason to build and maintain it. In Nicole's "UK - OK" report, she tells about a wall that helped the ancient Romans define their empire.

(Nicole) It stretches like a stone snake over the hills and fields of Northern England. Built by Roman soldiers during the reign of Emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century CE, it's been known since as Hadrian's Wall. It runs east to west for about 70 miles, starting near the North Sea, and ending at the Irish Sea. The height of the wall varied. At its highest point, it rose 20 feet about the land. It took 16,000 Roman soldiers 10 years to build. Historians argue over just why the wall was built. Some believe it was a barrier to separate Roman-controlled Britain on this side from the wild, barbarian tribes on the other side. Another theory was that building a wall with gates and checkpoints allowed the Romans to collect taxes on those passing through. Or it could have just been built to show off Rome's power. Whatever the reason, forts were built along it and manned by soldiers. These are the remains of one of the bigger forts. As the years passed, the Romans left England and the soldiers left the wall. In later centuries, many stones were taken from the wall to build roads. This important part of history would have been lost if not for John Clayton, in the 18th century, who helped save it. Proud of Hadrian's Wall, the English would doubtless argue with Robert Frost, for they certainly do love their wall. For Teen Kids News, I'm Nicole. 50 U.S. states, 50 state flags, each one with its own unique history. Here's Eric with "Flag Facts."

(Eric) It's home to cowboy ghost towns, Custer's Last Stand, seven Indian reservations, the world's shortest river, and largest migrating elk herd. The state animal is the grizzly bear.

[roaring]

Sweeping vistas earned it the nickname "Big Sky Country." We're talkin' Montana, partner. Montana is from the Spanish word for mountains, or mountainous. Admitted to the Union in 1889. its flag honors both the land and its people.

(Randy) You see the tools of a miner--pickaxe, shovel. You also see farming tools for the settlers who settled the land. In the back, you see the river, waterfall, and Rocky Mountains, in reference to the great nature in Montana.

(Eric) Montana is rich in precious minerals. The banner across the bottom boasts, "Oro y plata," which means "gold and silver." Montana is also rich in wildlife. It has more mammal species than any other state. Our 41st state has some pretty strange laws. For example, it's illegal for unmarried women to go fishing by themselves on Sundays. I guess in Montana, there's better ways to hook a husband. For "Flag Facts," I'm Eric.

Ever since the first humans saw a giant ball of fire in the sky, they've accorded the sun special respect. The light and warmth it gives define our everyday existence. The sun is not only the center of our universe, as Emily tells us, it's central to yoga practice. Joining us is yoga therapist Brenda Schnable. Hi. Hi. What is the Sun Salutation? The Sun Salutation is one of the most well-known vinyasas. They're sequences of poses within yoga. It teaches you patience and perseverance, as well as builds body strength and endurance. You want to try? Sure. Walk to the front of your mat. We lift our arms up and bend forward. Step that right foot back into a lunge. Then take that left foot back, to the top of a push-up, called a Plank Pose in yoga. Come all the way down, then lift up into Upward-Facing Dog. Curl those toes and lift up. Push the head between the arms for Downward-Facing Dog. Step or walk that right foot forward into your lunge, followed by that left. Inhale up and come into a back bend. Then do it again on the other side. Fall forward. Left foot back, followed by that right-- you're in Plank Pose. Lower yourself down. Lift the chest and head, curl those toes. Come into your Downward-Facing Dog. And then step that left foot forward, followed by that right. Inhale all the way up and back. And exhale those hands back down. You should feel warm already. Nice. I do. Do a couple more and you'll really know what Sun Salutation is about. That's great. Thank you. When you do this, don't look at the sun or at the sun at all, but you knew that. Thank you, Brenda. You're welcome. For "Yoga & You," I'm Emily. The next time you're feeling a bit down, remember this week's words of wisdom. I know that might seem difficult to do, especially when you're hurting, but it becomes easier with practice. It's time for another important message brought to you by the National Road Safety Foundation.

[bell ringing]

What's up, loser?

(girl) Bullies... Get out of the way, nerd. ...they're in school... Get out of the way, nerd. ...and also on the road... Come on, let's go! ...especially when they tailgate. Here, a sudden stop is no big deal.

[all talking at once]

But on the road, tailgating can be deadly.

[brakes squeal]

From the Wheeling Park High School S.A.D.D. chapter and the National Road Safety Foundation. When Teen Kids News continues, I'll show you a healthy way to make something we've enjoyed since we were little. Stick around. If you like to cook, this next story is for you-- a great recipe from the Culinary Institute of America. Whether you call them chicken fingers or chicken strips, they're a go-to meal. I've got a way to make them healthier, but delicious. Instead of frying them, we'll oven-bake them. I've cut two chicken breasts into one-inch-thick strips. We're going to dredge them into our flour, in our eggs, and next into our panko, a fancy word for bread crumbs. Let's start. I'll put our flour into our first bowl with salt and pepper. This'll season the chicken before it cooks. Next, I'll whip the eggs to make our egg wash with. This will make the panko stick to the chicken easier. After the eggs, we do it with the panko. Straight there. After you mix the seasoning into the flour... we're ready to begin with our chicken. Dredge the chicken lightly into the flour. Dredging just means to put down and cover lightly. Shake off the excess and go straight into the egg. The egg will act as a glue for the panko. After you cover the chicken with the panko, place it straight on a baking rack, just like that. I'll go ahead and finish the rest. These were my favorite snacks as a kid. Every day after school, my mom would make them. Thankfully, she gave me her recipe. We're going to throw these into the oven... at 375 degrees. Cook them for 15 minutes or until golden brown. When handling raw chicken, wash your hands before cooking, and, of course, after. Also, clean your kitchen very well. I'm going to wash my hands again. My hands are washed my kitchen is clean, and the chicken's still cooking. Let's make honey mustard. The secret to great honey mustard is mayonnaise. I've got half a cup here. Add that to a big mixing bowl. I'm using two types of mustards. I've got yellow mustard here-- using a tablespoon of that-- and then a tablespoon of Dijon mustard. Next is the best part-- the honey. Just gonna drizzle that right in. I'm using two tablespoons of organic honey... and about two tablespoons of lemon juice. I'll use a whisk to mix it together. Whisk until it's a solid mass, where there's no little specks of mayo. And keep your lemon seeds out of the lemon juice. Give it a taste. Delicious. Let's check on that chicken. Looks finished to me. Now that the chicken's done, allow it to cool a little bit before eating. We'll put it on our plate. Just going to take a few pieces here... and fill our dipping cup with the honey mustard. Oven-baked panko chicken strips with a honey-mustard dipping sauce-- a healthy alternative to chicken fingers. Mmm. At the Culinary Institute of America, for Teen Kids News, I'm Fletch. That sure looks good and pretty easy to make. You can find the full recipe on our website. That's it for Teen Kids News. See you next time.

Funding to purchase and make this educational production accessible was provided by the U.S. Department of Education:

PH: 1-800-USA-LEARN (V) or WEB: www.ed.gov.

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In this episode, Amelia reports on stress. She gets advice from an expert and looks at stress trends for teens. Christin explains why cramming for a test is not a good idea, and Nicole files a report on the Ancient Roman Empire. Other segments include the history of Montana's state flag, the relationship between the sun and yoga, and a healthy way to make chicken fingers. Part of the "Teen Kids News" series.

Media Details

Runtime: 22 minutes

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