The ancient Assyrians' greatest power and dominance lasted from 745-612 B.C. Ruthless, cruel warriors, their skill and organization at war was unmatched. When king Tiglath-pileser established a standing army, their kingdom began to expand. Uses the defeat of Elam in 655 B.C. and siege of Jerusalem in 701 B.C. to illustrate their battles, weapons, and strategies.