Abraham Lincoln arrived in Springfield, Illinois alone and with no money. He started his career as a lawyer and would eventual serve as the 16th president of the United States. Though ill-prepared for the trauma of a civil war, he adapted himself to the circumstances to become an extraordinary leader. A flexible man of thought and a master of words, he is best known for signing the Emancipation Proclamation and writing the Gettysburg Address. For all his deeds and efforts in freeing the slaves and preserving the Union, Abraham Lincoln became the heroic martyr of the Civil War.