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Teen Kids News (Episode 1347)

22 minutes

Welcome to Teen Kids News. I'm Livia. Let's start with our top story for this week.

If you're a sports fan, you know steroids are bad news. Superstars like cyclist Lance Armstrong have fallen into disgrace for cheating with performance-enhancing drugs. But millions of American teens could be using those illegal substances without even knowing it. Scott has the story.

(Scott) Let's call him Steve.

He agreed to talk with Teen Kids News about the supplements he uses to...beef up. I started taking supplements when I was a senior in high school.

(Scott) He's not unusual. It's estimated that more than 12 million middle and high school students are buying what are called supplements. Over years of bodybuilding, Steve has developed a regimen of several powders he feels gives his body a boost. After I add the protein, I will add about a tablespoon of L-glutamine, which is supposed to increase muscle endurance.

(Scott) You can buy these in stores. That doesn't mean they're safe. Sadly, that's not the case. Why? Because these drugs are-- these supplements are unregulated. What do I mean by that? There's no agency like the Food and Drug Administration checking to see that what's on the label of the container is actually what's in the container.

(Scott) Experts say that puts people like Steve at the mercy of manufacturers who cheat. Young people taking these, thinking they're getting just protein, they're actually walking themselves into something they really have no desire to do, something you got to be very careful about. There's one steroid user in every high school classroom in America.

(Scott) Educating kids, parents, and coaches about supplements is one goal of the Taylor Hooton Foundation. It's named for a boy who died after using steroids. It turns out illegal steroids are showing up in supplements. There are estimates as high as 25% of those supplements have steroids in them, or steroid derivatives in them, and people don't know it.

(Scott) But Steve knows it. He's well aware sometimes the government yanks products off store shelves when steroids are discovered inside, and he's not surprised. Overall, I'm going to say not really, because people are going to put whatever they want in a product.

(Scott) Steve could be playing with fire. He researches each product before using it. There's no guarantee what you read is accurate. You could be putting your health on the line. Steroids are not only illegal, they can cause problems-- from unwanted hair to kidney failure. If you notice changes in your body after taking supplements, that could be a reason to worry. There may be more than protein in that shake. The Taylor Hooton Foundation wants kids to grow and be strong naturally. If you choose the right foods, you won't need any supplements. If you think that careers in science and math are just for guys, my report should change your mind. For centuries, many believed that fields like science and math were beyond the abilities of women. That began changing in the early 1900s when Marie Curie won a Nobel Prize for her work in physics. Though she shared the award with her husband, Marie went on to prove that she was a world-class scientist all on her own. She became the first person, male or female, to win two Nobel Prizes. Fast forward to today. There's now a major effort to get more students interested in STEM-- Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math. As part of that effort, Nicole reports on a website designed specifically for girls.

(Nicole) The website is called forgirlsinscience.org. Dr. Rita El-Khouri is one of some 3,000 female scientists working for L'Oréal, the sponsor of the website. Why don't more girls go into STEM careers like science and math? I think part of the reason a lot of girls aren't going into those fields is because we don't have enough role models and resources encouraging youth to be interested in STEM fields. That's why L'Oréal USA has created an online community where girls can go and actually explore, discover, and achieve in the great world of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, or the acronym STEM.

(Nicole) We'll talk more about the site in a few minutes. First, let me tell you about my visit to the New York Hall of Science. There I met Saijah, a high school senior. She volunteers at the Hall as an "explainer." With more than 300 exhibits, there's a lot to explain to visitors, and Saijah is perfectly comfortable talking about science. There's no excuse for girls not to be involved in science, especially if they love it. They should definitely go into it. We need more women in science.

(Nicole) Saijah invited me to join her and Dr. El-Khouri in one of the Hall's most popular demonstrations. What experiment are we doing? We're going to look at the ideal gas law. First, we need to get you a smock just for safety. Perfect. It matches my shirt. It does. Here's where we're working? Yeah, this is our lab table. Before we begin our really cool experiment, let's put on our gloves, get our materials, and meet right back here. Now that we have all our materials, we're going to begin an activity in one of our demonstrations called "Cool Chemistry." We have liquid nitrogen, one of my favorite substances to use in any demonstration. It actually boils at... Wow, that's cold. Yeah, it's extremely cold. Once it's in contact with room temperature, which is about, like, 70 degrees Fahrenheit, right, it automatically starts to boil.

(Nicole) You're probably wondering why the balloons.

We'll show you when Teen Kids News continues.

[no audio]

(Nicole) We're at the New York Hall of Science taking part in a Cool Chemistry demonstration. The point is to show the effect cold has on the air trapped inside each balloon. What's keeping it inflated is its molecules inside it. Let's see what happens to our awesome balloon-- I'm having fun with this. We're going to see what happens when we use liquid nitrogen. Wow! So that's it boiling at room temperature? Exactly.

(Nicole) Watch carefully, and you'll see how each balloon gets smaller, and smaller, and smaller. Bet you didn't think we could get three balloons to fit into the pot, but we're not finished. You want to see what happens when we take it out? Put it on our lab table. What's happening to it? It looks like it's reinflating. It's reinflating. Can you think of any reason why it may be reinflating? The temperature from the outside environment is warmer. It allows for those molecules to stretch out and pick up more volume. Rita is exactly right.

(Nicole) Of course she is. Dr. El-Khouri is a highly trained scientist. The first part of the demonstration showed how molecules contract when exposed to cold. They can contract so much, in fact, they can change from one form of matter to another. Now, the first balloon we put in here was...clear. Oh, my gosh. Since it was in there-- Can you see that liquid? Yeah, there's liquid inside of the balloon. That's just because, like I said, it was in -320 degrees Fahrenheit, the liquid nitrogen's temperature. Those molecules get really, really close together. Does it make it actually change phases of matter? Yeah, exactly.

(Nicole) Why is it important for more girls to go into STEM fields? One of the biggest things to be aware of is that, within the next five to ten years, the majority of jobs are going to require some level of STEM skills. It's critical that we try to fill our pipeline with budding scientists, if you will, so that we be able to fill those needs. Otherwise, we're going to have a problem. In addition, I think it's cool to have girls in science, 'cause we bring a different perspective to it. So, I think those are the reasons.

(Nicole) What area of science are you interested in? I really love chemistry. That's been my first love. Ever since I was younger, I would mix things, especially food. Most people don't think food in cooking, baking, is chemistry, but it is. I love baking and cooking and just mixing things from the time I was younger. So chemistry is definitely my first love. I would say baking is chemistry, cooking is an art. That's true. What do you think of the For Girls In Science website? The website, it's actually pretty cool. I think it's really helpful. I wish they had it when I was way younger. It's a great space for girls between the ages of 13 and 18, where they can go and explore, learn, and utilize tools and resources on the website to help jumpstart or even further their interests in STEM areas in a non-intimidating way. The For Girls In Science website isn't just loaded with great information, it's also fun. Check it out. For Teen Kids News, I'm Nicole.

There's lots more ahead on Teen Kids News. So don't go away. We'll be right back.

This report is brought to you by the National Road Safety Foundation. Last week we showed you what it takes to turn a winning idea into a public service announcement. Now you get to see the finished product.

(Nicole) Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania was happy to host this year's National Conference for SADD. SADD stands for... Students Against Destructive Decisions.

[cheering]

Chapters from across the country attended, including the members from Wheeling Park High School in West Virginia, the winners of this year's DrivingSkills 101 PSA contest. The National Road Safety Foundation is behind the DrivingSkills 101contest because students definitely have to have better driving skills. It's not enough to just know the rules of the road, but to actually have the skill to drive that car. The concept of the PSA is that tailgating is similar to bullying in school. Action.

(Nicole) As part of winning the contest, the students got to work with a TV crew. The crew shot scenes in the hallway... Get out. ...and on the road. Then the crew returned home to edit the PSA. ...and then waiting, 'cause when we were finished, I was like, "Can the production people send us the PSA?" And they said no. We had to wait until the premiere here. I'm really excited to see it. I can't wait to see the PSA. A lot of us are excited to see it. Good evening, SADD!

[audience cheering]

(Nicole) Finally, the time to debut the PSA arrived. You guys, you've got to do this National Road Safety Foundation competition. This is awesome. Listen to this. We are going to show you the winner of this past year's National Road Safety Foundation competition. I have the honor of introducing them. Wheeling Park High School SADD from West Virginia.

[cheering]

We are going to share that with you all here tonight.

Check it out. [school bell rings]

[students chattering]

Hey, what's up, loser?

(girl) Bullies. Get out of the way, nerd. They're in school. Out of the way. They're also on the road... Come on. Let's go. ...especially when they tailgate. Here, a sudden stop is no big deal.

[students clamoring] Come on.

But on the road, tailgating can be deadly.

[tires screech]

A message from the Wheeling Park High School SADD chapter and the National Road Safety Foundation.

[cheering]

Seeing it on the big screen was the most amazing thing ever because you never think something a small town can do is gonna become big. Everyone's going to see it, so it's awesome. It was actually better than I thought. All the hard work definitely paid off. The message is, bullying is not okay, whether it be on the road or in school. The kids did a great job. The idea came together. Looked great. I think this PSA won our attention because it had a comparison that covers more than one topic. That comparison was tailgating, and then it was also the bullying, which are both very prevalent in schools. We wanted to really bring that together and bring it to life. The kids did a really great job. If you're a member of SADD, and would like to join next year's competition, check out... For updates on other NRSF contests, like them on Facebook. For Teen Kids News, I'm Nicole. Coming up, a recipe for an easy breakfast meal. And great to eat. When Teen Kids News continues. They say breakfast is the most important meal of the day. Now you can also make it one of the tastiest meals of the day. I'm in the kitchen with K. Lee Graham, Miss Teen USA 2014. Hi. How are you? Good. How are you? Great. We're going to be making one of my favorite breakfast recipes--an apple oatmeal bowl. It's a breakfast twist on your bread-and-soup bowl. We're going to start with our apple. This is going to be our "bowl" we're going to have. We got our apple. We're going to slice it in half. Okay. So the apple is what makes up the bowl? That's right. And it's so simple. Okay. A lot of people like baked fruit, like baked apple pie kind of things, and this is kind of a variation of that. Yeah. So we're going to scoop out the center and the core. Cut it in half, and go with the spoon. How much do you scoop out of the apple? I love the fruit part, so I scoop out enough for the seeds and to give me room to put in oatmeal. So I've got this one. This one's more shallow. We've still got tons of fruit. It's about an inch deep? Probably about that. Okay. And this one we're going to scoop out as well. To cut out the core, you can just use any spoon available? Yeah, as long as you get some good force behind it. It's a little difficult. You can use a knife. I would recommend a spoon. It's safer. It makes a nice indent. We're going to plate this and sprinkle some cinnamon. Also, drizzle some honey. Give it a little sweetness. And cinnamon's so great. It's one of my favorites. Good for your metabolism, and makes everything taste better. I love the taste of cinnamon. Drizzle on this honey. That looks so good. I love it. Pop this in the microwave for a minute and a half to two minutes, as long as the apple's nice and tender. We're going to scoot back here. I'm going to put this in. I'm going to go for a minute and 45 seconds. Then we'll test it out and see. We're going to prepare our oatmeal that is going to fill our bowl. We've got steel-cut oats here. I've got just less than half a cup. We're just going to add the water. How much water do I put? I think this is 3/4 cup. You can follow the instructions on the packaging, or you can play around with variations. Okay. I like a bit less water, 'cause it makes it a little more hearty. Everything in here? Yes, everything in here. Sounds good. This will go into the microwave after our apple. It's so easy. I know.

[beeps] All right.

We're going to check our apple, and it looks great.

[sizzling]

It's kind of fizzing from all of the honey. And we're just going to replace our oatmeal into the microwave. I'm going to go for two minutes. Keep an eye on that. You can see our apple's got all the honey and liquid in it. It smells great. Yeah. It's one of my favorite things ever. We're just going to drain some of the liquid from here. Careful. The apples are really hot. Next, we're going to add the peanut butter to the apple bowl, which is one of my favorite things. We've got our organic peanut butter here. Scoop some of that, and add a little layer to the bottom before we put in our oatmeal. Right in this indentation. So just to layer the very bottom part. Right. It gives it that nice little flavor that you want. Plus it adds protein for your breakfast. A well-balanced breakfast is one of the key things in a healthy diet. Need the protein to keep you going. That's right. So this has got our protein. We've got our peanut butter in there. We just need to wait for our oatmeal to finish. So our oatmeal is done. I'm just going to take it out with our oven mitt. And we'll be ready. We're going to put this into the apple bowl. This is going to be our filling. We're just going to scoop it right in. Oh, wow. That works so well. Yeah. It's the perfect little bowl. And for me, this is a great recipe if you're doing a girls' brunch, if you need a healthy snack, and it looks cute. We're going to top this with cinnamon and also some chopped walnuts we have. But you can also add blueberries. You can chop up some strawberries. Anything you like. If you want to do some chocolate chips... You can get creative. Yeah, so creative. We're just going to top those. Now it's ready to eat. You can dig right in. We might need some knives for this, though. Perfect. There you go. It's still a little hard to eat. The apple's nice and-- Wow, the apple is so soft. Mm-hmm. It's all done with a microwave. You can make it in your dorm room. No time commitment. Just fast and easy. Oh, my gosh. That's amazing. Mm-hmm. Apple and peanut butter never tasted better. To get the recipe, visit our website. For Teen Kids News, I'm Christina. That sure looks delicious. For all of us here at Teen Kids News, have a great week.

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Performance enhancing drugs are the top news story for this episode. Superstars like Lance Armstrong have fallen into disgrace for cheating with performance enhancing drugs. But millions of American teens could be using these substances without even knowing it. Also covered in this episode is a website designed specifically to get girls interested in STEM. Other segments include the winners of a PSA for the National Road Safety Foundation and a recipe for apple oatmeal bowls. Part of the "Teen Kids News" series.

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