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Danger Zone: The Making of a Super Storm

3 minutes

(Describer) Under a round logo of a wave, title: Ocean Today.

(female narrator) For seven days in the fall of 2012, Hurricane Sandy pounded the Caribbean and U.S. east coast with punishing rain, wind, and waves. As the storm approached landfall, the National Hurricane Center renamed the hurricane Post-Tropical Cyclone Sandy, but to those whose lives were devastated, it will always be remembered as Super Storm Sandy.

(Describer) A roller coaster stands in flooded water.

What happened in the atmosphere that caused this monstrous storm to form? Summer and winter weather conditions collided with extreme forces. The primary difference between a tropical cyclone, also called a hurricane, and a wintertime cyclone is the energy source. Tropical cyclones extract heat from the ocean and grow by releasing that heat in the atmosphere, near the storm's center. Wintertime storms, on the other hand, get most energy from atmosphere temperature contrasts, and this energy usually gets distributed over larger areas. Sandy started out as a classic hurricane, getting energy from the warm waters of the Caribbean and moving northward along the Gulf Stream. Sandy then took a sharp left turn into the New Jersey and New York coasts and collided with a winter-like storm system. As Sandy's energy source transitioned from the warm ocean water to the atmosphere, it morphed into a wintertime cyclone, and dramatically increased in size. High winds extended 1,000 miles across, bringing record-breaking storm surges to coastal areas and blizzard conditions to the mountains. Tunnels turned into rivers, and parking lots into ponds. Residents returned to find their belongings floating in pools of water in their homes and yards. Cars were pushed around like toys, and mountains of sand filled the streets. Power outages lasted for days, weeks, and, in some places, for months. One neighborhood even burned to the ground. Initial calculations for damages were $50 billion. As cities and towns rebuild, that number continues to rise. Sandy is a heartbreaking reminder that the end of summer isn't the end of hurricane season. Hurricane season runs from June first to November 30th, with the peak of the season from mid-August to late October. Put together an emergency plan and supply kit now, so you are prepared for extreme weather, no matter when it strikes.

(Describer) Titles: For more information, visit weather dot gov. Logos are shown for the Smithsonian and NOAA. Accessibility provided by the US Department of Education.

Accessibility provided by the U.S. Department of Education.

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For seven days in the Fall of 2012, Hurricane Sandy pounded the Caribbean and the East Coast of the United States with punishing rain, wind, and waves. What happened in the atmosphere that caused this monstrous storm to form? Summer and winter weather conditions collided with extreme forces to form a super storm. Part of the "Danger Zone" series.

Media Details

Runtime: 3 minutes

Danger Zone
Episode 1
3 minutes
Grade Level: 7 - 12
Danger Zone
Episode 2
2 minutes
Grade Level: 7 - 12
Danger Zone
Episode 3
4 minutes
Grade Level: 7 - 12
Danger Zone
Episode 4
3 minutes
Grade Level: 9 - 12
Danger Zone
Episode 5
3 minutes
Grade Level: 9 - 12
Danger Zone
Episode 6
3 minutes
Grade Level: 9 - 12
Danger Zone
Episode 7
3 minutes
Grade Level: 9 - 12
Danger Zone
Episode 8
4 minutes
Grade Level: 7 - 12
Danger Zone
Episode 9
3 minutes
Grade Level: 7 - 12
Danger Zone
Episode 10
3 minutes
Grade Level: 7 - 12