In 2005, the U.S. Supreme Court took on the most important property rights case in history. The Kelo case pitted homeowners in New London, CT against city officials who wanted to use the power of eminent domain to redevelop the area in the hope of creating jobs and increasing tax revenues. The homeowners resisted, arguing that eminent domain power should only be used for public projects like roads and schools. Ultimately, however, the Supreme Court upheld the city's right to turn over the homeowners' property to private land developers. The controversial Kelo v. New London decision sparked a nationwide debate about the importance of property rights that continues today.