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Teen Kids News (Episode 1425)

22 minutes

(Describer) In computer animation, different news scenes in rectangles move fast around a turning globe.

(Describer) In front of a blue background with a triangle and circle, title: Teen Kids News. A girl sits at a desk with monitors behind her.

You're watching "Teen Kids News." I'm Livia. Here's this week's stop story.

(Describer) The Teen Kids News logo is on curved screens that form a turning cylinder. Passing around it, title: Top Story.

When asked what was the key to his success, the famous inventor Thomas Edison replied, "One percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration." The lesson being that you shouldn't just rely on talent, but also on hard work. As Amelia reports, that's good advice if you plan to apply to college. When I say "S-A-T" or "A-C-T," what comes to mind?

(Describer) Outside...

A standardized test you have to take in order to get to college. Pressure... I cringe. I'm taking it this weekend. ...anxiety... Stressed out. ...and just general angst.

(interviewer) When I say "A-C-T" or "S-A-T," what comes to mind? Uh-oh. Anger-- just straight-up anger. I don't like the S-A-T or want to take the A-C-T, which I'm planning to take, and I want to get it over with next year--done. Few letters strike more fear in the hearts of kids hoping to go to college than "S-A-T" or "A-C-T." To learn more, we're joined by Rob Franek, a college-prep expert from The Princeton Review. Hi. Thanks for having me back. For those of us who don't have photographic memories, should we fear these tests? Most students fear the S-A-T and the A-C-T, but there is no reason to fear either exam because--hear my words when I say-- both are absolutely coachable exams. You can do well on either exam. There's such value to those admissions counselors and committees that will review your application next year. You can do this! S-A-T or A-C-T. Okay. When should we take them? The best time for students to prep for the S-A-T or A-C-T is at the end of their sophomore year into the beginning of their junior year. The perfect time between summer after sophomore year into the beginning of junior year. You can take your first exam that summer or fall. You can continue prep work after taking that first exam, see where you've done well, and not done as well. Focus on areas where you're weak, making sure that next administration is strong. You can take it one or two times junior year-- the perfect formula. What are ways to get ready for the S-A-T or A-C-T? There's lots of options to prepare for the S-A-T or the A-C-T. You can buy a book and prep on your own, you can take a classroom course with an instructor. Many classes are taught online, with a live instructor or asynchronously. You can have a private tutor at home. We have each option at The Princeton Review. Make sure you're engaging with one of those things, and make sure you leave at least six weeks of time to study for the S-A-T or the A-C-T. There's no effective crash course for either exam. You have to buckle down and spend the time however you prep. Can colleges tell if you've taken a prep course and count that against you? That's a good question. The truth is that a college may see a dramatic increase in your score after you've prepped, but the truth is, they probably don't care. The admissions counselors at schools large and small will focus on your best S-A-T or A-C-T. Most schools will mix and match scores from different exams to put you in the best light academically. Whether you're taking a course or not, it's the end result that matters. Any secrets you can share to help us do better? Yeah. We tell students at The Princeton Review, "On testing day, pack a couple bananas. Eat them during break or exam time. It keeps your energy level up. It's a good secret technique in the exam day. Prior to the exam, take as many practice tests as you can. The more confident you are around the S-A-T or A-C-T will pay off in that testing environment because it's a timed environment. You're going to understand the instructions. We see great confidence in those students, and they do exceptionally better because of those prior exams. Great advice. Thanks. You're welcome. Good to be here. The Boy Scouts' motto is "Be prepared." When it comes to the S-A-T and A-C-T, that's great advice. One more suggestion-- don't wait to the last minute to start preparing. For "Teen Kids News," I'm Amelia.

(Describer) Livia:

We've got more to tell you on "Teen Kids News." So don't go away. We'll be right back.

(Describer) Spinning with the triangle and the circle, title: Teen Kids News.

(Describer) Scott:

Over the years, "Teen Kids News" has reported on a growing medical problem among American teens--diabetes. There are two forms of diabetes-- type 1, which is basically something you're born with. Ten-year-old KB has type 1 diabetes. And then there's type 2, which is mostly caused by poor eating habits and lack of exercise. Aziana was 11 when she learned that, like her mother, she had type 2 diabetes. My mom takes medicine, and I didn't want to do that.

(Scott) Now here's the bad news. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are increasing in American children. Dr. Dabelea is at the Colorado School of Public Health. Okay, so what is diabetes? It affects your blood sugar. It doesn't stay how it would in a healthy person.

(Describer) Doctor James Gavin:

Diabetes occurs when the body doesn't make enough insulin or doesn't respond normally to the insulin that it makes.

(Scott) Insulin is a hormone that we naturally make in our body. Insulin converts sugar into energy. So those with type 1 diabetes were born with an inability to process sugar. If you eat too many foods and drinks with lots of sugar, you can develop type 2 diabetes. Whether type 1 or type 2, you don't have the natural insulin you need.

(Dr. Gavin) As a result, blood sugar levels rise. That rise in blood sugar can cause damage to the various organs of the body-- eyes, kidneys, blood vessels. That's what diabetes is really all about. I couldn't believe it. I was scared.

(Scott) We met Skyler after he learned that his body wasn't making enough insulin. He has type 1 diabetes. Skyler carefully monitors his diabetes. He measures the amount of sugar in his bloodstream throughout the day, especially after eating. He gives himself insulin shots to bring his sugar levels into proper balance.

(Skyler) I eat the school's lunch, what they give me. I try to count my calorie points and put as much insulin in me as I need.

(Describer) A boy opens a fridge.

(Scott) Lenny used to get headaches and was constantly thirsty. I had no clue what I was going through. He has type 2 diabetes. Other typical symptoms are feeling tired and having to visit the bathroom frequently. Unlike type 1, mostly dictated by our genes, type 2 is something we can develop and can often avoid. Sadly, diabetes is getting worse in this country. The "Journal of the American Medical Association" says type 2 has increased by 30% in recent years. Most is due to the obesity epidemic in children.

(Describer) Dabelea:

We saw similar increases in white and black children. The largest increase we saw was in Hispanic children.

(Scott) Type 1 diabetes has also increased by 21%. This is an important issue that we need to take seriously. It can be deadly. There's no cure for diabetes, but it can be managed.

(Describer) Lenny:

(Lenny) I eat healthier foods, exercise a lot. I manage my weight and I take my medication regularly.

(Describer) Skyler:

The best advice I could give young people is to keep a positive attitude.

(Scott) We can't help being born with genes for type 1 diabetes, but we can fight type 2 diabetes. Cut down on the sugar, especially in soft drinks. Even some juices have too much sugar. Cut down on the foods with hidden sugars. Foods with lots of carbs turn into sugar after eating. Help your body get rid of unnecessary sugar by getting exercise. Trust me, life is a lot sweeter when you don't have diabetes. My report should really pique your interest. It's about an unusual fertilizer. "Teen Kids News" will be right back.

(Describer) Spinning with the triangle and the circle, title: Teen Kids News.

(Describer) Eden:

Throughout the year, we've been reporting on simple things that make a big difference in the lives of people in poverty, especially girls, because they're most often the victims of abuse and misfortune. All of these ideas come from the book, "One Hundred Tools for Empowering Global Women." With us again is author Betsy Teustch. Hi. Great to be back. Thanks for having me. I can't wait for the audience to hear what you'll tell us. Urine-- can it actually be useful? Urine is actually extremely beneficial.

(Describer) She holds a closed jar half-full of it.

First of all, it's important to know that human urine is essentially sterile. It doesn't have pathogens in it, so it's relatively safe after it's been stored for a month. It's full of nitrogen. That's the main ingredient of pee, after water. And nitrogen is the main ingredient in fertilizer. So if you use human urine on your crops, they grow much bigger and faster. And in places where the earth is very depleted-- they used to let the earth replenish itself by leaving a field fallow, but population pressures make that more difficult to just leave a field open. So this is a way to help plants grow, and it's free. Fertilizer is actually very costly, and it has to be shipped places where it's hard to get to. So if farmers--and about half of the farmers in the developing world are women-- if they can have access to something as simple as pee, and it helps grow their crops bigger, it's great. Are you suggesting American teens send their pee to poor countries? I don't think that's a great idea. I do think that learning more about this is a really great science project. I've seen examples where you have two plots. One has just plain water, and the other has urine. The urine-fertilized crop is like this, and the one with plain water is like this.

(Describer) High.

(Describer) Low.

You can prove that it works. Organic gardeners do use this on an individual basis. In the developing world, the big challenge is to educate people that this is a resource that's available to them. What we want to do is help organizations that educate farmers get the word out. How can teens do that? You can get involved by researching online or in my book, organizations that promote this. There's one right in New England, called the Rich Earth Institute, that is promoting this technique--pee cycling. Wow. I never would have thought of that. Thanks, Betsy. You're welcome. This is one of many ideas in Betsy's book. If urine as fertilizer doesn't excite you, maybe one of the other 99 ideas will. For "Teen Kids News," I'm Eden.

(Describer) Livia:

It's time for another important message, brought to you by the National Road Safety Foundation.

(Describer) A race driver gets his sunglasses, gloves and helmet.

[dramatic music playing]

(Describer) In a house, a boy gets his phone, backpack and keys.

(Describer) They each get into a car, and put on their safety belts. The racer puts on the helmet.

I'm ready to go!

[engine revving]

(Describer) He drives off in his race car. On the phone...

I'm running late. I'll be there soon.

(Describer) The boy ends the call, and backs his car out of a driveway.

(Describer) The racer speeds around a track, and the boy drives down a street.

(Describer) Title: Fact: Speeding is one of the leading causes of teen crashes.

[heart beating]

(Describer) The racer speeds by a checkered flag. The boy speeds by a stop sign.

[tires squeal]

[glass shattering] [sirens wailing]

(Describer) The racer holds up a trophy and the boy is carried into an ambulance.

[heart beating] [people cheering]

(Describer) Title: Fact: Speeding is one of the leading causes of teen crashes. A fan shakes the racer’s hand. A doctor talks to a crying mother.

(Describer) One of the race car’s headlights shines. An emergency room light is turned off over the boy. Title: Fact: Speeding is one of the leading causes of teen crashes.

[sustained beep]

(all) Life is not a race! Go your own pace! Coming up, hear about a Scottish town famous for its connection to a popular sport. "Teen Kids News" will be back. Stay with us.

(Describer) Livia:

Nicole continues her special series on the fascinating history, people, and places of the United Kingdom.

(Describer) Against the background of the Union Jack flag, different scenes are shown in the letters of the title slowly moving from right to left. Beside the Teen Kids News logo, in white, title: UK OK.

["Rule Britannia" plays]

(Describer) Saint Andrews is shown on a map of Scotland.

(reporter) On the rocky eastern coast of Scotland is the historic town of St. Andrews. It has the ruins of an ancient castle and one of the oldest English-speaking universities. But the town owes its international fame to a game. In 1457, King James II was angry that instead of practicing for war, his nobles played a game, hitting a ball with a stick. It was golf. While there's some dispute as to when and where golf was invented, there is no dispute that St. Andrew's is considered the home of modern golf. There are no fewer than seven golf courses here. While there have been games where a rock is hit with a stick, the Scots get credit for an indispensable addition-- the hole. By the way, there's no truth to the claim that "golf" originally stood for "Gentlemen Only, Ladies Forbidden." Some of the greatest golfers have been female.

(Describer) ...like Babe Didrikson and Nancy Lopez.

In fact, over the years, "Teen Kids News" has often reported on golf phenom Michelle Wie.

(Describer) In an earlier episode...

(male reporter) Michelle belongs to a new league of young players shaking up the golf world.

(Nicole) She made history when she became the youngest golfer to play in the U.S. Women's Amateur Championship. She was only 10 years old.

(Describer) Nicole:

To those who claim young girls can't play golf, I'd say, "Putt" up or shut up! For "Teen Kids News," I'm Nicole.

(Describer) A courthouse with tall columns is shown. A cartoon judge in a white wig waves a gavel. On the cover of a book, title: Weird, Wild Wacky Laws. Emily:

[explosion]

Not that you'd want to cycle naked, but if you were looking to do it, consider Vermont. A number of years ago, over 40 people pedaled through the state capital of Montpelier stark naked. Here's where it gets really interesting. In Montpelier, taking off your clothes in public is against the law. So were the cyclists arrested? No. It's illegal to take off your clothes in public, but not to be naked in public. So the cyclists took off their clothes before they arrived in town. I have to admit, the logic of that law escapes me.

(Describer) Under a low purple car, titles: Teen Kids News. Coming up, Chicago Auto Show.

(Describer) Spinning with the triangle and the circle, title: Teen Kids News. Beside it is a logo of an A and E inside a circle.

(male reporter) This report is brought to you by ourautoexpert.com.

(Describer) Mike Caudill:

We are taking you behind the scenes of the 2017 Chicago Auto Show. Lots of great stuff here. Here's what makes it special. In winter, you want to look at hot cars. Lots for kids to do at the auto show. Jump in the bin, play with LEGOs, so much. What makes this show newsworthy? It's this over my shoulder. It's the all-new 2018 Ford Expedition. It's the perfect family vehicle. It's the first time in 20 years Ford has showcased a new Expedition. It's packed with technology perfect for the family--

(Describer) It’s an SUV.

a 360-degree camera, the Wi-Fi hotspot that allows you to connect all of your fun gadgets. For the parents, a wireless phone charging station. Under the hood, you gotta talk about motors-- 3.5-liter EcoBoost under the hood of that Expedition. Want to talk performance and fun? Every kid likes to get off-road with Mom or Dad. The Toyota Tundra TRD Sport and the Sequoia TRD Sport. Here's what I love about that TRD Sequoia version. It's an SUV that's built for off-road. It's got cool performance features, a new exterior, new interior styling cues as well, nice big 20-inch aggressive off-road wheels, and that TRD badge on the side. No pricing available, but look for those vehicles soon. You gotta talk horsepower at an auto show. This is the best kids' car right here. Mom and Dad, this is what your kids want-- the 2018 Dodge Durango SRT. Beautiful red leather interior, but it's that 475 whopping Hemi motor under the hood that creates incredible horsepower, plus the "I want to go to school in that car" look. Speaking of that-- Mopar's '17 Dodge Challenger. This is a limited edition for Dad-- a fun car to take the kids in.

(Describer) It’s the purple car.

Limited edition--80 models made to commemorate the 80th anniversary of the Dodge Challenger. Chrome exhaust. Nice starting price around $55,000. It's under the hood-- 6.4 liter, 485 horsepower Hemi motor. Here's the affordable vehicle-- Mitsubishi in its 100th anniversary selling vehicles. This is the sport limited edition, an Outlander. New exterior trim, nice sporty look, and it's affordable, starting at $21,995. Great look for this vehicle, sporty interior as well, 18-inch alloy wheels, and what I love, heated seats for cold days here in the Midwest. We gotta talk about technology. What do kids care more about? The looks or being able to play with your devices? Smart devices. Chevy Tahoe is showcasing their Suburban and Tahoe here. With summer around the corner, the family should be planning vacations and the vehicle as well. Connect your smart devices on the inside plus OnStar up 260% with usage in the vehicles. It allows you to get all the data--movies, music. All the fun stuff kids want. Pricing? Starts at around $47,125 on the Tahoe and $49,915 on the Suburban. Toyota showcasing its RAV4, the perfect millennial go-anywhere vehicle. In the city, it's perfect and small and compact. You can also take it off-road. The Toyota RAV4 Adventure comes with a tow-prep package for towing small things plus 18-inch wheels, all-wheel drive, and a great interior for that. Plus look at those blacked-out wheels--stunning. All right, who doesn't love dogs? This is the BraunAbility Chrysler Pacifica, a wheelchair-accessible vehicle for the families that have a tougher time getting around. The dog will hand your keys to your parent or whomever needs assistance. More than 500 dogs have been trained to work in partnership with the Canine Companions for Independence in this vehicle. Starting price, $57,000.

(Describer) With a rope, a service dog helps pull a man in a wheelchair up a side-ramp into a van.

That's a tearjerker for us at the auto show. Guys, lots of fun stuff here in Chicago. This has been Mike Caudill for "Teen Kids News."

(Describer) Livia:

That's our show for this week. Be sure to tune in next week for more "Teen Kids News." Bye.

(Describer) Titles: Director: Alan J Weiss. Producers: Tania Wilk, Marilou Yacoub. Copyright Eyewitness Kids News LLC, 2017, all rights reserved. Follow us on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram. Funding to purchase and make this educational program accessible was provided by the U.S. Department of Education. Contact the Department of Education by telephone at 1-800-USA-LEARN, or online at www.ed.gov.

Funding to purchase and make this educational production accessible was provided by the U.S. Department of Education:

PH: 1-800-USA-LEARN (V) or WEB: www.ed.gov.

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The ACT and the SAT are the focus of this episode's top story. Amelia gets advice from an expert on ways to master both tests. Scott reports on the rise of diabetes among American teenagers, and Eden has the scoop on an unusual fertilizer that can help developing countries. Other segments include visiting the town of St. Andrews in England, weird and wacky laws, and new cars featured at the Chicago Auto Show. Part of "Teen Kids News" series.

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