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Teen Kids News (Episode 1340)

22 minutes

(Describer) In computer animation, different news scenes in rectangles move fast around a turning globe.

(Describer) In front of a blue background with a triangle and circle, title: Teen Kids News. A girl sits at a desk with monitors behind her.

Welcome to Teen Kids News. I'm Livia. Let's start with our top story for this week.

(Describer) The Teen Kids News logo is on curved screens that form a turning cylinder. Passing around it, title: Top Story. Scott:

We all know eating healthy is important. There are nutrition labels to help us do just that. What should we look for on these labels? Joining us is Sharmi Das, a consumer education expert at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Welcome. Hello.

(Describer) She’s on a screen beside him.

So, what's the first step in reading the nutrition labels? The Nutrition Facts label is based on a 2,000-calorie diet per day, but that does not apply to everybody. Your nutritional needs might be different. Your caloric needs might be different, based on your activities. If you want to find out what your caloric needs are, you should visit choosemyplate.gov where you'll be able to calculate your calories based on your activities and based on your nutrient needs. Once I've calculated how many calories are right for me, how should I decide what to eat? We think of each meal to be around 600 calories. What you would like to do when packing your lunch is think of substituting white bread with whole wheat bread and pita bread. Make sure you're including fruit. And you want your lunch to add up to around 600 calories. Okay, how about snacks? What should I think about when choosing a snack? There are many healthy options. Fruits and dried nuts and fruits are really good. But, again, you have to think about the serving size. Please look at the serving size at the back of the packet because you really want to limit yourself to no more than one serving size. The best way of doing this is by measuring out a single serving in resealable bags or in tiny Tupperwares so you can control your serving size. How about times you can't look at a nutrition label, like at a restaurant? How can we tell what meals are healthy? Many restaurants now have their menus and nutritional facts already up on their website. So before you go out to eat, you might want to go online and see if the restaurant offers that. If they do, you want to take a look at the menu and see what are the low-fat, low-calorie items on their menus. I know that the fast-food places, most of them already have the information up. You should really pay attention to the calories and fats when you go out to eat. How about grocery shopping? What should we look for? If you're shopping for, for example, frozen pizza, you want to look for those items that have low sodium, low fat, and generally low in calories. If it's canned fruit, you want to look for low-sugar canned fruit items. And definitely go to the produce aisle and the fruit aisle. By mentioning the produce and fruit aisles, Sharmi's reminding us to buy fresh veggies and fruit. Thanks for your time. Those are great tips. Thank you. "Everything in moderation" is a phrase that comes from ancient Greece. It means, as long as you don't overdo it, you should be okay. While that's not true about everything, it is a good way to approach a healthy, balanced diet. It takes extra effort to read labels, but living a longer, healthier life is worth it.

(Describer) Outside a building...

Ever hear the saying, "all's fair in love and war"? Well, I'll tell you why that's not true.

(Describer) Livia:

Most of us have never experienced what it's like to be in a war. Hopefully, we never will. But thousands of people around the world aren't so lucky. For them, war is a very real danger. That's where the American Red Cross plays a vital role. The Red Cross helps educate people that, whether you're a soldier, prisoner of war, or civilian, you should have certain rights and protections. It's all part of what's called "international humanitarian law." Alexa found out more about that law through a special Red Cross program for teens.

(Describer) On a sidewalk...

Okay, just so we're all on the same page, let's make sure we agree on what the word "humanitarian" means. "Humanitarian"? When you're-- For the good of the people? "Humanitarian"? Isn't that someone who's really into, like, human rights? Something like that? It's, like, what should be done, like morally. Humanitarian is someone who's... thinks about other people's feelings and the people around them. To have humanity? It has to do with human rights and causes. My mom does a lot of humanitarian stuff.

(Describer) Inside...

"Humanitarian" can mean two things. It could be the person who helps alleviate human suffering or the act of helping people in need.

(Alexa) She should know. Amanda works for the American Red Cross. So, what is international humanitarian law?

(Describer) Amanda Crabbe:

International humanitarian law, also known as the Geneva Conventions, are basically the rules of war. And what's happening today? Today is something we call "'Raid' Cross." It's a series of simulations that teaches young people about the rules of war. The idea is that there are two opposing armies-- one, the Haddarian Army, the other one, the Deldarian Army-- and they've been in conflict a long time. The point of two separate armies is we can show simulations with prisoners of war and humanitarian workers and indiscriminate weapons. Can I join in? Absolutely.

(Describer) Alexa joins several other girls sitting in a room.

(Alexa) I joined the group, Haddarians, and we got ready for things to begin, which they did with a bang.

(Describer) Two women burst in.

Everyone up! Let's go! Stand up!

(Describer) Amanda:

(Amanda) The first simulation we do is called "Prisoners of War." What we do is we surprise the students. They're not anticipating it. We take away their rights to food, water. We make them do push-ups and sit-ups. We run them around. Ten jumping jacks. Let's go.

(Describer) They obey.

Repeat after me-- "First came the soldiers." "First came the soldiers." "Then came the sailors." "Then came the sailors." Jumping jacks. "Then came the prisoners of war." "Then came the prisoners of war." The concept is to teach them that prisoners have rights and are allowed to contact family members, to speak to the Red Cross. At first, it was exciting, 'cause we were moving around,

(Describer) Liza:

but then I realized that it stood for something. For example, the push-ups were representing, like, torture and physical activity. And then, later, we learned that was actually violating the Geneva laws that are human rights.

(Alexa) Next, we learned about humanitarian assistance.

(Describer) A girl puts on a red shirt.

(Amanda) This activity teaches students about what it feels like to be a humanitarian aid worker.

(Describer) She puts on a blindfold.

Instead of the Haddarian Army, they are now members of the International Committee of the Red Cross.

(Alexa) The mission is to carry supplies through a dangerous area.

(Describer) She walks between two rows of chairs, stepping over caution tape, and water bottles on the ground.

Okay, put it down. Wait. Hold it. And then lift your right leg up. Then step over that.

(Describer) Emily:

The people behind the first person in line had to give directions on how to navigate through the field without hitting any mines. Once the person did, they would have to pass the coat, package, and blindfold to the person behind them.

(Describer) A bottle falls over.

(all) Oh! You're dead.

(Describer) Another girl tries and knocks over a bottle labeled “land mine”.

I'm good?

Aww! [laughing]

(Alexa) I was up next. With a lot of help from my teammates, I made it safely through, but it didn't end there. The guard didn't care that I was an aid worker. Who are you? Alexa. Why are you here? I'm delivering this package. What's in it? Um... What's this cross? What is this? We're with the Red Cross. Your government allowed us to be here. No, they didn't. What are you doing? What did you learn from this?

(Describer) Emily:

That it's really difficult to work in the Red Cross because when you visit different places, there's always danger and a sense of unfamiliarity, and you're not always treated like you should. So here's a question. You come across two soldiers from opposing armies. Both are wounded. Who do you help first? We'll find out the answer when we return.

(Describer) Titles: Coming up, Wounded Soldiers.

(Describer) Spinning with the triangle and circle, title: Teen Kids News. The border guard bursts into the training room.

There's been a battle. Many people are injured!

(Alexa) We're at a special program run by the American Red Cross. It's called "Raid Cross." We're learning that there are rules that must be followed in warfare. For this exercise, we have to hurry to help the injured.

(Describer) The girls rush to a room where dummies lie on the ground.

(Amanda) We call this our Wounded Soldier simulation. The idea behind this is we want to teach the students about the priorities of those who are wounded. That is not based on which army you're on, which side you believe in. So you're expected to help the soldiers that aren't on your side? Absolutely. After a soldier has stopped fighting, and has put down their weapons, they now have certain rights, because they're not engaged in the conflict anymore. They are supposed to be treated the same as the soldiers on your side. In this activity, you are soldiers. You're part of the Haddarian Army. I'm going to hand out weapons. You're only allowed to stand from here back. Take a couple of minutes to see which target you actually plan to hit.

(Describer) They’re small standing photos.

You're not going to throw every ball at every target 'cause you're going to hit all of them. See the pictures, who you're hitting, 'cause it's a big decision.

(Describer) They pick out balls.

This activity, called "Artillery," is a scenario where the students throw different sizes of weapons-- they're small balls ranging to large-- at photos that represent either soldiers or civilians. The idea is that sometimes the targets are people we mean to hit, and sometimes it's other civilians who are not involved. I'm going to aim for the guy in the trees.

(Describer) She hits a nuclear power plant beside him.

(Amanda) We want to teach the students that some people get hurt when they're not intended to be hurt.

(Describer) Maria:

So I tried aiming for a war tank and ended up accidentally hitting over another image that contained two soldiers trying to help a friend. So it really shed some light on the perspective that soldiers have to go through every day when they're trying to aim for a certain target in a battlefield.

(Describer) Amanda hits with a gavel.

[gavel pounding]

This is a trial for the International Committee of the Red Cross into the International Criminal Court.

(Alexa) The last exercise is a trial for those accused of committing war crimes.

(Amanda) You're being held accountable for the actions you made throughout the day.

(Alexa) Why is there a trial? The students need to know there are rules to international humanitarian law. If they break those rules, they need to be held accountable. I sentence you to two years in prison. What did you think of the Raid Cross program?

(Describer) Gloria:

It was great. In this program, I was a captured soldier.

(Describer) Noor:

I learned how it was like to be a prisoner at war and the advantages and disadvantages I had.

(Describer) Liza:

So, overall, it was very eye-opening.

(Alexa) The Red Cross was created over 150 years ago, because of the need for humanitarian action during wartime.

(Describer) Alexa:

Today the American Red Cross continues this mission by inspiring our generation, encouraging us to not only learn about international humanitarian law but to respect and support it. For Teen Kids News, I'm Alexa.

(Describer) A viewer email says, “You do some mighty fine reporting. Who needs other news teams when you have Teen Kids News.” Signed Eddy G.

(Describer) Livia:

There's lots more ahead on Teen Kids News. So don't go away. We'll be right back. Ever take a close look at your state flag? You should because you might be surprised at how much you can learn from it.

(Describer) Different flags flash by, with various colors and seals. A couple dozen are shown together, then appear in the word “flag”. Title: Flag Facts. It’s on a flag.

[military drum solo]

(female reporter) In 1803, President Jefferson made one of the greatest land deals in history. The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the United States. Eventually, the area would make up all or part of 15 new states, including Kansas.

(Describer) Randy Howe:

Kansas is a flag meant to represent manifest destiny. There are three separate images of people on the flag, all moving westward.

(Describer) Veronique:

Manifest destiny was the belief that American expansion across the continent was both inevitable and justifiable.

(Howe) In the foreground you see a farmer plowing his land. Beyond the farmer is a wagon train heading west. In the background are Native Americans hunting bison. There's also a steamboat on the Kansas River meant to represent commerce. Life for the pioneers was not easy.

The state motto is: ad astra per aspera, which means "to the stars through difficulties," which is a reference to how hard it was to settle the land.

(Veronique) Within the state seal, 34 stars represent Kansas's place as our 34th state.

(Howe) Above that state seal is a blue-and-gold band meant to reference the French and the Louisiana Purchase.

(Veronique) At the top is the state flower, the sunflower. In Kansas, it used to be illegal to serve ice cream on cherry pie. I have no idea why. If you know, send us an e-mail at... With "Flag Facts," I'm Veronique.

(Describer) Livia:

Can you tell when your dog is playing and when he's not? Eden found out how to tell the difference. Back with us are The Dog Gurus, Robin Bennett and Susan Briggs. Hi, guys. Great to be back. Thanks for having us. There are times I'll be playing with my dog, I'll throw a ball, and he'll bring it back. When I go to take it, he growls. Is that part of the game, or is he not playing? The answer is, it depends.

(Describer) Robin:

It depends on what the dog's body is telling you. Is he stiff and wary about you taking it? Or is he wiggly, inviting you, "Throw it for me"? It depends on which way the dog's body is telling you he's feeling. How do I take something from his mouth without angering him? Set up a trade. You're not taking something. You're giving him something he likes even better-- maybe a tasty treat or a chew bone. When he goes for it, you can take the toy or bone, or whatever you're wanting to get away from him. Very interesting. So the old, fast switcheroo? Exactly. That's great information. Thanks, Robin and Susan, for joining us. Have a great time with your dog. Thanks. For more tips on learning to read your dog's body language, visit our website...

(Describer) Livia:

This important message is brought to you by the National Road Safety Foundation.

(Describer) While driving, a person types a text, then eats a burger and drinks juice.

(Describer) They look at an mp3 player, then spread a map over the steering wheel. They honk at a girl on a bike, and take a photo when she looks back and waves.

[horn honks]

(Describer) Still driving, they go through a textbook with a highlighter pen, then put on eyeliner in the rear view mirror.

(Describer) Title: Just because you can...

(Describer) The different activities are shown again.

(Describer) Titles: Doesn’t mean you should! Just drive. A message from the National Road Safety Foundation.

Step aside, Dancing with the Stars. I'll tell you about a dance team called Shooting Stars. Teen Kids News will be right back.

(Describer) Livia:

Dance is often called "poetry in motion." It takes grace, timing, and hard work, lots of hard work. But as Emily reports, joining a competitive dance team can be a life-defining experience.

(Describer) A couple dozen girls dance in a studio, groups of them doing different moves. They get closer together and do the same moves.

[dance music] [cheering]

(Emily) Shooting Stars Performing Arts Company is a dance program that prides itself on empowering young women.

(Describer) Director Kristin Ledingham-Pierce:

We really focus on girl power and teamwork. And we're building leadership skills all through dance.

(Emily) Located in New York City, the company offers after-school classes, summer intensives, and competitive teams for all dance styles. I wanted to dance, and I was only six. My mom put me into dance, and I was hooked.

(Emily) Dancing is more than just learning how to move your body. It helps skills in different areas. Dancing is fitness. You work out. That's good for your body. I learn a lot of leadership skills here, a lot of responsibility, and, obviously, picking up choreography. So that definitely helps me in school.

(Emily) Dancing for a competitive group like Shooting Stars also gives these girls a break from the constant pressures at school.

(Describer) Coach Carly Engelke:

(coach) The biggest thing is providing an outlet for these girls. They have such crazy, busy lives. To be able to come for an hour, four hours, just forget about all that, and grow and dance with their sisters is an amazing thing.

(girl) I come to dance to get relief from the stress of everyday life, especially being a junior in high school. I come to dance to just let go.

(Emily) Classes are open to girls of all ages and at any dance level.

(Describer) A woman shows them moves.

They're led by professional dancers who take time out of their schedules to teach. They stole my heart. I love their dedication.

(Describer) Coach Latoya Brooks:

I love the motivation they have, the support they show one another. And I don't feel like I'm going to work when I come here.

(Describer) They perform on a basketball court.

♪ Now we're here, Started from the bottom ♪

(Emily) Shooting Stars have been riding high. performing at high-profile locations, like Madison Square Garden and Brooklyn's new Barclays Center.

(Describer) They dance on the logo for the Brooklyn Nets.

♪ Fire up that loud, another round of shots ♪

♪ Shooting Stars ♪

I think competitions are definitely a highlight. And watching the company grow from 10 girls on a team to 25, it's been a really amazing experience. A few years ago, we placed number one overall highest score, at competition. We were all so excited.

♪ Turn down for what? ♪♪

(Describer) Lights flash as they dance on the court.

(Emily) It's a long road from taking your first dance steps to stepping on the stage at a major competition. Really, it takes commitment, drive, and energy, and just a love of dance itself. Anybody could be a dancer. If you're passionate, and it's in your heart, it's something anyone could do.

(Describer) Coach Christine Sampson:

I would say, go as hard as you can. Go to your full potential, and the results will show.

(Describer) Brooks:

Come on. Come do it. Don't be shy. Don't be scared. Dance helps you in so many ways. It helps you with sports. It helps you with your self-esteem. It helps with so many aspects of your life.

(Describer) They hold poses as they finish their routine on the court. Emily:

[audience applauding, cheering] If you're interested in learning to dance or joining a team, go online and check out dance teams in your area.

(Describer) Livia:

That wraps it up for this edition of Teen Kids News. We'll see you again next week.

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In this episode, an expert provides advice on what to look for on nutrition labels. Also, a representative from the American Red Cross discusses the vital role they play in helping people in war-torn countries. The segment also gives a demonstration on International Humanitarian Law and the special Red Cross program for teens called Raid Cross. Other segments include the history of Kansas' state flag, pet car tips, and competitive dance. Part of the "Teen Kids News" series.

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