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Search results for 'description research'

61 Learning Center results found.

Blindness Sector Report on the 2012 ABC Audio Description Trial

This collaborative report, prepared by Blind Citizens Australia, Vision Australia, ACCAN, and Media Access Australia, aims to highlight the consumer experience of the audio description (AD) technical trial on ABC TV in order to persuade the Australian government to support a permanent AD service. Attempts to reflect the high demand for AD by consumers and outline the benefits of AD. about research, description

Audio Description: Professional Recognition, Practice and Standards in Spain

This article looks at the context of accessibility in Spain, and after a general picture of the Spanish reality on media accessibility, it goes into describing and analyzing the standard for audio description approved in 2005 by the Spanish Ministerio de Trabajo (Ministry of Labour). By Pilar Orero, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain. about research, description, spanish

Do It Yourself Educational Description Webinar

This an archive video of the Video Description Research and Development Center webinar #2 - "Do It Yourself" Educational Description: Guidelines and Tools. The webinar occurred October 24, 2012. Topics in this webinar include: 1) An update of the activities of the VDRDC; 2) The "Dos and Don'ts" of description; 3) Live demonstrations of two free software programs which can be used to add description to media; and 4) An overview of resources for obtaining described materials for use in the classroom. about description, manuals-and-guidelines, webinar

Feasibility Study Relating To The Establishment Of A Descriptive Loan Service

This 1992 study was conducted by the Captioned Films/Videos Program (now the DCMP), with the principal investigator being Leo E. Persselin under the direction of the National Captioning Institute. It was submitted to the U.S. Department of Education (ED), Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, and required by the ED as part of the Contract No. HS01005001 awarded to the National Association of the Deaf in 1991. The objective of the study was to: "Conduct a comprehensive study that will provide the funding agency with recommendations on any future loan service of video-based materials for visually impaired persons." Some conclusions and recommendations of the study included the following: (1) the existing accessible media are not exclusive of one another nor of a future loan service, (2) encouragement and support should be extended to all who have something to offer in expanding access to descriptive video, (3) all reasonable avenues should be explored for establishing a descriptive video l...Read More about research, description

Descriptive Children's Television: Bridging the Gap for Blind Kids While Benefiting All Kids

While some research has been conducted about the benefits of description and blind adults, no empirical data have been collected relating to benefits of description for children. In this paper by Melanie Peskoe, literature has been reviewed to discuss (1) the emerging trend toward educational programming for preschool-aged children, (2) the various theories about how children learn, and (3) the implications of description for both blind and sighted children. This paper serves as a foundation for future, needed research on this topic and calls for attention to be paid to both the social impact of description as well as the methods used for deciding when, what, and how to describe. about description, research

Contrasting Visual and Verbal Cueing of Space: Strategies and Devices in the Audio Description of Film

A study by Maija Hirvonen, University of Helsinki, Finland, in 2012. Analyses how shot distance is reflected in audio description by syntactic and semantic means. Four different-language audio descriptions of two films were utlilized, contrasting the visual source text with the verbal translation. The study aims to show how audio description can make use of diverse representational strategies and linguistic devices in rendering shot distance. These strategies and devices could be used purposely to compensate for visual cues so as to give an idea of space similar to that conveyed by the visual representation. about research, description

A Comparative Study of Audio Description Guidelines Prevalent in Different Countries

Comparison of description guidelines by six different countries: Spain, Germany, France, United Kingdom, Greece, and America. Though, in principal the guidelines and/or standards are very similar in nature, there are minor differences in a few of the recommendations. These differences could potentially be because of different formats of film/television programming being produced in different countries, different ways of watching films/television programs, cultural differences leading to relative levels of understanding of set-ups specific to different films/television programs, and also different ways in which audio description is made available i.e. through products specifically targeted at blind or partially sighted people or as an alternative sound track via mainstream services. Royal National Institute of Blind People, 2010. about research, description

World Blind Union Toolkit On Providing, Delivering and Campaigning for Audio Description on Television and Film

Though informally there has been much sharing of experience, the worldwide community has not worked systematically together to achieve our aim of an inclusive world of television and film. This document aims to gather the lessons learned in different countries, and to help build capacity across the World Blind Union membership to campaign for audio description. Defines description, and provides technical information and lobbying tips. World Blind Union, 2007. about research, description

Adding Audio Description to Television Science Programs: What is the Impact on Visually Impaired Viewers?

Science programs on television present much of their information only visually. For people who are visually impaired this reliance on visual cues limits access to the learning and enjoyment such programs offer. Emilie Schmeidler discusses the intent to provide visually impaired people with more access to the programs' content and to make viewing more satisfying by ensuring that people with disabilities have the same access to information and opportunities that people without disabilities do. about research, description

The Language System of Audio Description: An Investigation as a Discursive Process

Philip J. Piety's study investigates the language used in a selection of films containing audio description and develops a set of definitions that allow productions containing it to be more fully defined, measured, and compared. It also highlights some challenging questions related to audio description as a discursive practice and provides a basis for future study of this unique use of language. From the Journal of Visual Impairments and Blindness (JVIB). about research, description

DCMP-ACB STEM Description Vocabulary Project for Early Learners Who Are Blind and Visually Impaired

    The Described and Captioned Media Program partnered with the American Council of the Blind (ACB) with the objective of enhancing the educational description guidelines, the Description Key, through results of a "STEM Description Vocabulary Project for Early Learners." This project involved assembling a group of educators, consisting of representatives from educational programs throughout the U.S., who compiled a list of words most commonly and consistently used as grade-level specific vocabulary. From about description, research, blindness, description-key

Bringing Video Description into the 21st Century Webinar

This an archive video of the Video Description Research and Development Center webinar #1 - Bringing Video Description Into The 21st Century. The webinar occurred January 24, 2012. Topics in this webinar include: (1) A teachers' guide to using video description; (2) A comprehensive overview of resources for obtaining described materials; and (3) A sneak peak at the description technologies of the future being developed at the VDRDC. Presenters included Dr. Joshua Miele, Director of the VDRDC; Jim Stovall, President of Narrative TV Network; Jason Stark, Director of the Described and Captioned Media Program; Joel Snyder, Director of the Audio Description Project at the American Council of the Blind; and Emily Bell, Multimedia Manager at CaptionMax. about description, educators, technology, webinar

Description on Videos: Improving Learning Opportunities for Everyone

Unusual things happen when products are designed to be accessible to people with disabilities. It wasn't long after sidewalks were redesigned to accommodate wheelchair users that the benefits of curb cuts began to be realized by everyone. From Bill Stark about description, educators

YouDescribe – How You Can Add Audio Description to Any YouTube Video!

This an archive video of the Video Description Research and Development Center webinar #3 - YouDescribe – How You Can Add Audio Description to Any YouTube Video!. The webinar occurred May 30, 2013. Learn about YouDescribe, the exciting new tool developed by the Video Description Research and Development Center (VDRDC). YouDescribe is a free tool that anyone can use to add description to YouTube videos. YouDescribe includes everything needed to create description; all you need to provide is a microphone. In addition, YouDescribe has a free embeddable player which can be used to include described videos on your own site. about description, consumers, webinar

On the Need for Usable Videos for Deaf-blind Students and How It Can Be Met With Captioning and Description

The Described and Captioned Media Program (DCMP) is a national non-profit that is federally funded to serve as a free-loan media library of accessible educational videos for K–12 students who are deaf, hard of hearing, blind, visually impaired, or deaf-blind. DCMP recently conducted interviews in order to determine how accessible videos are used in the classroom with students who are deaf-blind and what other options need to be included in order for these videos to meet the widest need possible. about educators, deaf-blind

Who's Watching? A Profile of the Blind and Visually Impaired Audience for Television and Video

The American Foundation for the Blind completed a study in 1997 of the viewing habits of blind and visually impaired people and the impact of video description. This version is accessible to blind and visually impaired people using screen readers as well as to people accessing the internet through slow connections. Limited print copies with complete graphics, available at no charge, can be requested from the American Foundation for the Blind Information Center. about research

Enhancing Movie Comprehension for Individuals Who are Visually Impaired or Blind Through Haptics

This work proposes a promising multimodal approach to sensory substitution for movies by providing complementary information through haptics, pertaining to the positions and movements of actors, in addition to a film's audio description and audio content. In a ten-minute presentation of five movie clips to ten individuals who were visually impaired or blind, the novel methodology was found to provide an almost two time increase in the perception of actors' movements in scenes. Moreover, participants appreciated and found useful the overall concept of providing a visual perspective to film through haptics. A thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree master of science at Arizona State University by Lakshmie Narayan Viswanathan in 2011. about research

Subcommittee on Telecommunications and the Internet 2008

Larry Goldberg, the Director of Media Access for WGBH in Boston, delivers a testimony to Congressional members of the ''Twenty-first Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act of 2007'' subcommittee regarding the efforts undertaken by WGBH and NCAM to ensure accessibility in the digital age. Topics covered include the following: a brief history of captioning and audio description, some of the accessibility challenges faced by producers in moving their content to the Internet, the development and goals of the Internet Captioning Forum, and the need for standardization of captioning formats for the Web. about research, captioning, description, history

Educational Media Producer and Accessibility Survey Results

In June 2008 a survey was conducted of the top 35 educational media producers/distributors in the United States. Each company was asked about its products and whether they were accessible, either via captioning or description (or if both were available), whether they were familiar with either accessibility option, and how many of their customers requested either or both on the media items they intended to purchase. about research, captioning, description, educators

DCMP Survey of Educators Reveals Great Potential for Described Educational Video

In April 2009 the Described and Captioned Media Program (DCMP) solicited input from teachers of students with visual impairments (TVIs) around the U.S. in an attempt to measure the awareness of the availability of described educational video-based media (i.e., video) and to uncover trends concerning overall video usage among TVIs. An online survey was publicized by way of various e-mail lists, websites, and professional development organizations; this effort resulted in 222 unique responses, summarized in the various sections below. about research, description, educators