The nation of China is more than 4000 years old, and recent discoveries are shedding new light on its origins. Joint research by Chinese and Japanese archeologists is uncovering new evidence of uprisings in this ancient period. Many colonies were springing up throughout China, each with its own language and customs. Archeological facts also show that many of the colonies that thrived along the Yellow River declined through repeated flooding events. However, the colony that was able to survive would rise to become the prototype of all Chinese dynasties and have vast cultural influence on Asian nations. Part of the series China 2000 B.C.