Explores the need for many multicellular plants to have specialized internal transport systems, which are systems that can efficiently distribute materials from soil and leaves to the parts of the plants where they are needed. An overview of how plants obtain their nutrients is provided. The structure and function of root hairs is explored, explaining their remarkable ability to facilitate an enormous uptake of water and dissolved minerals for the plant. Following this, the separate transport systems of the xylem and phloem are explored in detail. Also explains the mechanisms by which vascular plants transport water and minerals upward from the roots as well as sugars from leaves and other sugar sources throughout the plant for storage or for growth and repair.